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PIANO – Protein, Insulin and Neonatal Outcomes Study

PIANO logo

Large multi-disciplinary follow-up study investigating the development of young children who were born very preterm and are now 7 years of age

Myra Leung test child's eyes

What is the study about?

Children born very preterm are at risk of having high blood sugar levels in the newborn period and may need special dietary requirements. We want to find out whether the treatment of these babies has ongoing effects on their health, eye sight, thinking ability, school progress behaviour or metabolism.


In order to have a thorough understanding of visual development, body scarring and growth in preterm children, we need to find out what is the normal development for children who are 7 years old and born at full term.



Room photo - Myra Leung

What does the study involve?

The study involves an assessment at the University of Auckland Grafton Campus, where eye sight and growth will be assessed by a NZ registered optometrist and body scarring will be assessed by a doctor.


The entire assessment takes approximately 2 hours.


Assessments are available Monday to Saturday, and school holidays. Travel costs will be reimbursed.


Ethical approval

The study has been reviewed and approved by the Northern B Ethics Committee; ref NYT/05/12/035/07


Contact us

If you are interested for your child to participate or want to know more about the PIANO study, please contact:

Myra Leung on (09) 923 5572 or

Dr Anna Tottman on 0800 4 PIANO or